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2021年浙江自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题:第十章

发布时间:2021-03-04 整编:浙江自考网 阅读量:
【导语】

马上就要开始自考考试了,在最后一个多月,希望考生们也不要放松警惕,还是要继续练习习题,和浙江自考网整理了2021年浙江自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题:第十章,希望对大家有

马上就要开始自考考试了,在最后一个多月,希望考生们也不要放松警惕,还是要继续练习习题,和浙江自考网整理了2021年浙江自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题:第十章,希望对大家有所帮助。

2021年浙江自考本科英语(一)巩固练习试题
 
Unit 10 Ode to Public Transport
 
The Importance of Public Transportation
 
① A US Congressman once proclaimed that, "(1)There can be no doubt that the transportation sector is the most critical sector of our economy." I know exactly what he means.(承上启下句)In this day and age, access to transportation is considered a necessity.
 
② Public transportation is defined as a service that is available for use by the general public. It is a cheaper and environmentally friendly alternative. It is not a transportation service that you can arrange privately to suit your own personal convenience (although you may, to a certain extent, such as paying for a cabin or suite on a train or ship) since you have to consider other passengers who are riding and making similar arrangements with you.
 
③ (2)I have experienced first-hand how important public transportation is.
 
④ I live in Saipan, a US territory and the closest things we have to public transportation are tourist and school buses. You have to have your own car or bike, rent a car, or pay upfront for a taxi to go from point A to point B. Otherwise you end up basked in sweat and sunburn traveling to work every day. When I first came here, I walked. I walked going to and from work. I walked to the store and lugged my heavy groceries back to the house. I walked to church and I barely got to go to places farther than a twenty-mile radius from my house since I did not own a car then, and (3)I considered renting a car and riding a taxi such an expense for a starting single mother like I was at that time.
 
本部分重点及难点:
 
1. "There can be no doubt that the transportation sector is the most critical sector of our economy."
 
毫无疑问,交通是我们经济体系最至关重要的领域。
 
2. I have experienced first-hand how important public transportation is. 我亲身体验过公共交通的重要性。
 
3. I considered renting a car and riding a taxi such an expense for a starting single mother like I was at that time.
 
(1) consider doing sth.
 
consider…(to be) such an expense
 
(2) a starting single mother 刚刚起步的单亲妈妈
 
⑤ For me, public transportation is very important because of the following reasons:
 
1. It saves money.
 
According to research done by the American Public Transportation Association(美国公交协会), individuals can save up to $9,515 annually by parking their cars at home and using public transportation instead. In this economy, saving money has become a main concern in most households. With the rising prices of fuel and other vehicle-related expenses, doing the public commute to work and school certainly saves money.
 
2. It helps the environment.
 
When you switch from driving your car to taking public transport, you are reducing your carbon footprint(碳足迹;碳排放量)and making a great step forward in saving the environment. The environmental costs of individuals using their cars every day have done massive damage to the environment and if the majority or all individuals like you and me use public transport instead, think of what good we could do for the environment.
 
3. It will wean us out of energy dependence.
 
According to a paper made by Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue and Dr. Claude Comtois, transportation accounts for approximately 25% of world energy demand and for more than 62% of all the oil used each year. Ninety-five percent of transportation is almost completely reliant upon petroleum products with the exception of railways using electrical power. (4)While the use of petroleum for other economic sectors, such as industrial and electricity generation, has remained relatively stable, the growth in oil demand is mainly attributed to the growth in transportation demand.
 
When we strengthen our public transportation services, we are consequently lessening this oil demand and dependence. It will also motivate us to consider alternative energy and fuel resources.
 
本部分重点及难点:
 
4. While the use of petroleum for other economic sectors, such as industrial and electricity generation, has remained relatively stable, the growth in oil demand is mainly attributed to the growth in transportation demand.
 
(1) industry
 
No one doubted his ability, his industry or his integrity. 没有人怀疑他的能力、勤奋和正直。
 
区分:industrious / industiral
 
(2) attribute…to… 归因于,归功于
 
American parents always attribute their children's success to natural talent and hard work.
 
注意区分:owe…to…
 
contribute …to…
 
4. It provides ease and convenience.
 
Having public transportation definitely eases some of the burdens of people who do not have cars or prefer not to own one. They are provided with choices to use public transport. (5)Public transportation also provides valuable services not just to local inhabitants in the area but to tourists as well. When a tourist visits a place, which does not have public transportation, their choices are limited and the experience they get is limited, too.
 
请认真答题,答题结果将记入知识点测评的成绩!
 
【单选题】21. We ______ Moonlight Sonata(月光奏鸣曲)to Beethoven.
 
· A. distribute
 
· B. tribute
 
· C. contribute
 
· D. attribute
 
【答案】D
 
【解析】本题考查attribute / contribute…to…。attribute…to…相当于owe…to…意为"归功于,归因于",contribute…to…意为"捐款,投稿"。本句的意思是"我们把月光奏鸣曲归功于贝多芬。"
 
【知识点】attribute / contribute…to…
 
⑥ All in all, public transportation improves our way of life, strengthens the community, provides new jobs for the public and gives us a cleaner environment.
 
本部分重点及难点:
 
5. Public transportation also provides valuable services not just to local inhabitants in the area but to tourists as well.
 
not just / only…but …as well相当于not only…but also…
 
III. 部分练习讲解
 
P305 Bridging the Gap
 
Directions: Fill in the blanks with a word or a phrase that best completes the passage. You may choose a suitable one from the list given.
 
解题方法:把词分类
 
动词形容词  代词/限定词
 
compared to  low  another
 
require  personal
 
running out of   economic
 
refers to positive
 
limited
 
Often referred to as green transport, sustainable transportation is the way of the future. Transport powered by gas and petrol is running on a 1 limitedtime frame(时间范围,期限), as both these sources are unsustainable in the long run. In contrast, sustainable transportation offers an option to a world rapidly 2 running out ofrenewable(可再生的) fuel sources. It 3 refers toany kind of transport that has a low impact on the environment, such as walking, cycling, mass transit, green vehicles, and car pooling(集体用车,拼车), amongst others.
 
Any mode of transport is deemed sustainable if it has a 4 lowenvironmental impact and uses little or no fuel. Walking is the best example of sustainable transportation, as it does not 5 requireany gas. However, walking can be impractical if you are travelling longer distances. Cycling is 6 another green transport option and is a far more practical option for longer commutes.
 
Using public transportation, such as buses or trains, is also more sustainable 7 compared toprivate vehicles. The amount of fuel used to transport a bus full of people is more effective compared to a single person driving a 8 personal car. A sustainable transport system has a 9 positiveimpact on the environment, and helps to promote social and 10 economicsustainability(可持续性) in the communities it serves. Increased mobility usually results in better socio-economic conditions:
 
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