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2021年浙江自考英语(二)章节习题第十章

发布时间:2021-04-02 整编:浙江自考网 阅读量:
【导语】

虽然说马上就要考试考试了,但是考生们也都要抓紧时间做最后的冲刺,浙江自考网小编整理了2021年浙江自考英语(二)章节习题第十章,大家在最后几天还是可以好好复习的。 1、

虽然说马上就要考试考试了,但是考生们也都要抓紧时间做最后的冲刺,浙江自考网小编整理了2021年浙江自考英语(二)章节习题第十章,大家在最后几天还是可以好好复习的。

2021年浙江自考英语(二)章节习题第十章
 
1、Abraham Lincoln
 
We celebrate Abraham Lincoln’s birthday (February 12), and we should. Lincoln was one of the few great men who really were great. Before he____1___( become) president, Lincoln spent twenty years as an unsuccessful Illinois lawyer一at least he was unsuccessful in _____2____(make) money. But when you measure the good he did, he was very rich indeed. Legends are often_____3____(true), but Lincoln was the real thing. George Washington never chopped down a cherry tree,but Abra?ham Lincoln was honest. During his years as a lawyer,there were hundreds of known exam?ples of his honesty and ____4____ (polite).
 
For example, Lincoln didn’t like to charge people much who were as poor as he was. Once a man sent him twenty-five dollars, but Lincoln sent him back ten of them, saying he was _____5_____ (be)too generous.
 
He was known at times to persuade his clients to settle their problems out of court,___6____ (save)them a lot of money,but earning himself nothing.
 
An old woman in terrible poverty, the widow of a Revolutionary Soldier, was charged $ 200 for getting her $ 400 pension. Lincoln took the pension agent to court and ___7___ (win) the case for the old woman. He didn’t charge her for his services and. in fact, paid her hotel bill,and gave her money to buy a ticket home!
 
He was a fool, perhaps, by certain standards. He didn’t have much, and it was his own fault. But he was a good human being by anyone’s standards and I’m glad we celebrate his birthday.
 
Honesty makes you feel good about ___8____(your)and creates trust in others. It improves your ___9____ (relation)with yourself and with others. It’s not much in fashion these days to talk about the benefits of honesty and politeness,but the benefits are there and they are ____10____ (value)and worth the trouble.
 
参考答案:
 
1.解析为译文:在林肯成为总统之前因此时态应为一般过去时,所以要用become的过去式。
 
答案为became
 
2.解析为be successful in doing为固定结构,意为成功做成某事,后接动名词形式。
 
答案为making
 
3.解析为译文:传说通常是不真实的,但是林肯却是真实存在的人物。根据题意可知此处应填入形容词true的反义词。加前缀un-之后变为untrue,意为不真实的、假的,符合题意。
 
答案为untrue
 
4.解析为此处应填入名词形式和honesty形成并列结构。polite的名词形式为politeness,意为有礼貌。
 
答案为politeness。
 
5.解析为译文:他只是太慷慨了。本句不是被动语态,因此应为过去进行时,所以要用 be的-ing形式。
 
答案为being
 
6.解析为句中已经出现了谓语动词persuade,因此可用分词形式作伴随状语。
 
答案为saving。
 
7.解析为and后的单词和前面的took是并列谓语。根据时态一致的原则,应用动词win的过去式won。
 
答案为won
 
8.解析为译文:诚实会让你自我感觉良好并且对别人产生信任感。此处应填入your的反身代词 yourself。
 
答案为 yourself
 
9.解析为relationship with为固定搭配,意为与.....的关系。因此应给relation加后缀-ship, 形成名词 relationship。
 
答案为 relationship。
 
10.解析为be动词后应填入形容词,value加后缀-ble后变为形容词valuable,意为有价值的。
 
答案为valuable。
 
2、They Say Ireland's the Best
 
Ireland is the best place in the world to live for 2005, according to a life quali?ty ranking that appeared in Britain’s E-conomist magazine last week.
 
The ambitious attempt to compare happiness levels around the World is based on the principle that wealth is not the only measure of human satisfaction and well-being.
 
The index of 111 countries uses data on incomes, health, unemployment, climate, political stability Job security ,gender equality as well as what the magazine calls "freedom, family and community life".
 
Despite the bad weather, troubled health service, traffic congestion, gender inequality, and the high cost of living,Ireland scored an impressive 8. 33 points out of 10.
 
That put it well ahead of second-place Switzerland, which managed 8. 07. Zimbabwe, troubled by political insecurity and hunger,is rated the gloomiest,picking up only 3. 89 points.
 
“Although rising incomes and increased individual choices are highly valued,”the report said,"some of the factors associated with modernization such as the breakdown in traditional institutions and family values in part take away from a positive impact.”
 
“Ireland wins because it successfully combines the most desirable elements of the new with the preservation of certain warm elements of the old, such as stable family and community life.”
 
The magazine admitted measuring quality of life is not a straightforward thing to do.and that its findings would have their critics.
 
No.2 on the list is Switzerland. The other nations in the top 10 are Norway, Luxem?bourg. Sweden, Australia, Iceland. Italy,Denmark and Spain.
 
The U. K. is positioned at No. 29,a much lower position chiefly because of the social and family breakdown recorded in official statistics. The U. S. , which has the second highest per capita GDP after Luxembourg, took the 13th place in the survey. China was in the lower half of the league at 60th.
 
For 2005 years, Ireland has been the best place for humans to live in.()。
 
ARight
 
BWrong
 
CNot mentioned
 
参考答案:B
 
When we have more money, we will be happier.()。
 
ARight
 
BWrong
 
CNot mentioned
 
参考答案:B
 
Job security is the least important measure of life quality.()。
 
ARight
 
BWrong
 
CNot mentioned
 
参考答案:C
 
Cost of living in lreland is pretty high.()。
 
ARight
 
BWrong
 
CNot mentioned
 
参考答案:A
 
Family life in Zimbabwe is not stable.()。
 
ARight
 
BWrong
 
CNot mentioned
 
参考答案:C
 
Switzerland scored more than Zimbabwe.()。
 
ARight
 
BWrong
 
CNot mentioned
 
参考答案:A
 
lreland is positioned at No. 1 because it combines the most desirable elements of the new with some good elements of the old.()。
 
ARight
 
BWrong
 
CNot mentioned
 
参考答案:A
 
To measure life quality is easy()。
 
ARight
 
BWrong
 
CNot mentioned
 
参考答案:B
 
The United States of America is among the top 10 countries.()。
 
ARight
 
BWrong
 
CNot mentioned
 
参考答案:B
 
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