Life Is Difficult
Life is a series of problems. ____1___Do we want to teach our children to solve them?
Discipline is the basic set of tools we require to solve life's problems. Without discipline we can solve nothing. ____2____With total discipline we can solve all problems.
____3____Problems, depending upon their nature, evoke in us frustration of grief, sadness, loneliness, guilt, regret, anger, fear, anxiety, anguish, or despair. These are uncomfortable feelings, often very uncomfortable, often as painful as any kind of physical pain, sometimes equaling the very worst kind of physical pain. Indeed, it is because of the pain that events or conflicts engender in us all that we can call them problems. And since life poses an endless series of problems, life is always difficult and is full of pain as well as joy.
Yet it is in this whole process of meeting and solving problems that life has its meaning. Problems are the cutting edge that distinguishes between success and failure. Problems call forth our courage and our wisdom; indeed, they create our courage and our wisdom. __4_ When we desire to encourage the growth of the human spirit, we challenge and encourage the human capacity to solve problems, just as in school we deliberately set problems for our children to solve. _____5____
As Benjamin Franklin said, "Those things that hurt, instruct. It is for this reason that wise people learn not to dread but actually to welcome problems and actually to welcome the pain of problems.
A It is through the pain of confronting and resolving that we learn
B Do we want to moan about them or solve them?
C What makes life difficult is that the process of confronting and solving problems is a painful one.
D It is only because of problems that we grow mentally and spiritually
EI know about this moaning because I have done my share
F With only some discipline we can solve only some problems.
The World Cup
This summer’s World Cup competi?tion will see teams competing to play the world’s best football. But the football they play will not all be of the same kind. The fans expect different styles of play from Brazil, Germany, or Italy.
What makes Brazilian football Brazilian? Our style of playing football contrasts with the Europeans because of a combination of qualities of surprise, accuracy and good judgment. This style has won Brazil five world cups. Yet many Brazilian fans only count four of these victories. In 1994, the team abandoned this style for modern, scientific training and tactics.The team won the cup, but in a boring way.
The Italians think differently. "To many Italians, the score 0-0 has a glorious quality suggesting perfection, "says the British football writer Simon Kuper. In the Italian culture the idea of face is very important. This is why Italian teams are traditionally built around strong defences. The Dutch footballer Johan Cruyff once said that Italian teams never exactly beat you. It’s just that you often lose to them.
In Holland, there is a tradition of decision making through argument and discussion. It is a society where everybody is expected to have a point of view. "Every Dutch player wants to control the game, "says Arnold Muhren. "You play football with your brains and not your feet."
"A Dutch player argues," says Simon Kuper. " An English player obeys his superior. He is a soldier. " The qualities valued in English football are military—strength, aggression and courage. This can make for exciting football. But it also means that the English find it difficult to use skillful players. David Beckham is usually criticized for his failure to defend—despite the fact that he is an attacker.
If the English like to fight. the Germans like to win. In recent years, Germany has tried to change its image as a country of ruthless efficiency and a desire for victory at all costs. But Germans are quite happy for these qualities to remain in their national football team. "Foot-ball is a simple game," Gary Lineker once said. "You kick a ball about for ninety minutes and in the end the Germans win."
It"s difficult to predict who will win this year’s World Cup. There is no strong favorite.But a look at the track record of previous winners shows that it is the nations with the strongest national characteristics in the football that perform best. It seems that you need to know where you come from if you want to get to the top.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Brazilian style of playing football?()。
Why do many Italians think that the score 0-0 has a glorious quality?()。
ABecause it makes no one lose face
BBecause the Italian team is not very strong.
CBecause Italians are nice people.
DBecause that score is what their team could obtain.
What is one expected to do in Holland?()。
ATo play football
BTo express his or her opinion freely.
CTo make a fuss about nothing
DTo beat his or her opponents ruthlessly.
Which of the following is NOT true of the British football players?()。
AThey are aggressive
BThey are courageous
CThey play football for friendship.
DThey obey their superiors.
Who will win this year’s World Cup?()。
AThe Brazilian team
BThe Italian team
CThe German Team
DIt is unpredictable